Invasive Plants


What is an Invasive Species?

Invasive species are non-native species that can cause harm to the environment, the economy or to human health. Invasives come from all around the world. As international trade increases, so does the rate of invasive species introductions. Invasive species are one of the greatest threats to New York's biodiversity. They cause or contribute to: habitat degradation and loss; the loss of native fish, wildlife and tree species; the loss of recreational opportunities and income; and crop damage and diseases in humans and livestock ( from the New York Dept. of Environmental Conservation).

Common buckthorn2

Common Buckthorn

First imported as a hedging material, Buckthorn out-competes native plants, degrades wildlife habitat, and lacks natural "controls" such as insects or diseases.

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Multiflora rose2

Multiflora Rose

Currently found in 41 states, this flowering shrub is classed among the top forest invasive plant species for the northeastern area by the US Forest Service.

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Tree of heaven2

Tree of Heaven

Also known as China sumac or varnishtree, the invasive Tree-of-Heaven can damage and foundations in urban areas.

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Garlic mustard

Garlic Mustard

Garlic mustard is one of very few non-native plants to be able to successfully invade forest understories.

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Oriental bittersweet2

Oriental Bittersweet

Introduced in the 1860s as an ornamental and for erosion control, Oriental Bittersweet is a vine that smothers plants and uproots trees due to its weight.

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Japanese knotweed

Japanese Knotweed

This bamboo-like plant is shade-tolerant and grows from 3 to 15 feet tall, in disturbed areas, often near water sources.

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Last updated December 2, 2014